Affichage des articles dont le libellé est ECB. Afficher tous les articles
Affichage des articles dont le libellé est ECB. Afficher tous les articles


Stop the European bankers who are very reluctant to follow the new fixings regulation

Let's summarize the facts :
"Euribor-EBF believes that the Euribor benchmark should be run by an independent, non-profit driven structure, with the introduction of public supervision. [...] Euribor-EBF supports the introduction of European public supervision on benchmarks. Supervision should also apply before and after the fixing delivery."
"The European Commission [...] wish[es] to have the Euribor panel as large as possible in order to enhance the credibility of the benchmark. Therefore, they are considering making mandatory for banks with a significant turnover in the money markets to be part of the panel."
"Euribor-EBF agrees with the agencies that more specific controls have to be in place and that banks have to implement strictly the Code of Conduct they subscribe to when contributing to Euribor."
"[...] we are closely following the developments taking place as regards the shrinking number of panel members for establishing EURIBOR and EONIA rates. Given the authorities’ commitment to addressing the shortcomings revealed in the rate-setting process, it is in the interest of markets that banks remain in the panel while the regulatory framework is being amended and behave as responsible market participants, thus preventing potential disruption in the functioning of an important financial market segment."

One bank withdrew from the Euribor panel and four from the Eurepo panel between July and end November 2012. But the list of reluctant bankers is still growing :
  • Dec. 2012: HSBC ceases contributing to the Eurepo Index after 7 December 2012 
  • Dec. 2012: Rabobank stops contributing to the Eurepo & Eonia Swap Index on 11 December 2012 
  • Dec. 2012: DZ Bank stops contributing to the USD Euribor and Eonia Swap Index on 1 January 2013 
  • Jan. 2013: BayernLB has stopped contributing to the Euribor-Eonia, USD Euribor and Eurepo Indexes on 1 January 
  • Jan. 2013: Helaba Landesbank Hessen-Thüringen ceased contributing to the USD Euribor Index on 2 January 2013 
  • Jan. 2013: Banque et Caisse d'Epargne de l'Etat (Luxembourg) will stop contributing to Eurepo after 4 January 2013 
  • Jan. 2013: Raiffeisen Bank International (RBI) will stop contributing to Euribor, Eonia, USD Euribor and Eurepo on 15 January 
  • Jan. 2013: Société Générale will stop contributing to the Eonia Swap Index after 15 January
  • Jan. 2013: Citigroup will cease contributing to the Eurepo Index as of 1 February 2013
These banks are clearly defying the regulators and the European Commission, hence harming the EU financial stability and our common interest. This is irresponsible. As citizens, we can boycott these banks. But we can also collectively ask to the european banking regulators to withdraw their banking licences, if the European Commission do not make them mandatory quickly to be part of the panel. If players do not want to play the new rules, they are not the players any more.

Euribor-EBF current Panel Banks
  • Euribor® Panel Banks : here
  • Eonia® Panel Banks : here
  • Eurepo® Panel Banks : here
  • Eoniaswap® Panel Banks : here

Update 02/08/2013 : citizens have been listened by EC 
"The Governing Council of the European Central Bank welcomes the European Commission’s intention to introduce further legislation regulating systemically important reference rates. [...]
The Eurosystem notes the recent decisions of some banks to withdraw from the Euribor panel. [...]
For such rates to remain representative, it is essential that there is an appropriate level of bank participation in the respective panels. The Eurosystem therefore welcomes the Commission’s intention to also include in its legislative proposal the power to compel mandatory submissions for systemically important reference rates, in order to prevent disruptions to their production process."
Source: ECB press release

"The Commission is considering a legal obligation for banks to participate in Euribor. Euribor-EBF considers this as a sensible precautionary measure against which there can be no objection."
Source: Euribor-EBF

Update 02/18/2013 : too-big-to-be-ruled banks (or thinking so) are still defying the EC and Euribor-EBF
  • Feb. 2013: Barclays will cease contributing to the Eurepo Index as of 18 February 2013
  • Feb. 2013: Deutsche Bank will stop contributing to the Eurepo and Eonia Swap Indexes as of 18 February 2013

Update 04/6/2013 : in March others too-big-to-be-ruled banks (or thinking so) again defied the EC and Euribor-EBF, but in April the institutions reacted: the operators of the transactions have to be located in EU or EFTA, targeting international banks. 
  • Feb. 2013: LBBW will cease contributing to the Eurepo and USD Euribor on 22 February
  • Feb. 2013: JP Morgan will cease contributing to the Eurepo Index as of 1 March
  • March 2013: Credit Suisse will stop contributing to the Eurepo Index as of 8 March
  • March 2013: Svenska Handelsbanken will cease contributing to the Euribor-Eonia panel as of 20 March
  • March 2013: UBS will stop contributing to the Euribor-Eonia panel after 28 March

"Eonia is computed as a weighted average of all overnight unsecured lending transactions in the interbank market, undertaken in the European Union and European Free Trade Association  (EFTA) countries by the Panel Banks."
The EFTA countries list is: Liechtenstein, Iceland, Norway and Switzerland.

The Euribor reform will be implemented by mid-June 2013.

Update 05/14/2013 :
  • April 2013: Citibank ceased contributing to the Eonia Swap Index panel as for 16 April
  • May 2013: LandesBank Berlin ceased contributing to Euribor- Eonia and USD Euribor panels on 1 May

Update 05/29/2013 :
  • May 2013: Bank of Ireland will stop contributing to the Eurepo after 31 May
  • May 2013: LBBW will cease contributing to Euribor after 31 May
  • May 2013: Helaba will cease contributing to Euribor after 31 May

Update 06/02/2013 : Euribor and Eonia panels to be differentiated as of 1 June 2013; whatever banks may believe,  or the current practices in other part of the world, they simply cannot win their fight against public regulation in Europe.
"Euribor-EBF takes this opportunity to invite former panel banks to re-join either the Eonia or the Euribor panel of contributing banks. As publicly stated by Commissioner Barnier, the forthcoming European Commission’s proposal on benchmarks will indeed include the power to impose mandatory submissions on banks." 
Source: Euribor-EBF and ECB 

    Update 06/20/2013 :
    • June 2013: ING ceased contributing to the Eurepo after 7 June

    Update 07/06/2013 :
    • June 2013: Allied Irish Bank (AIB) ceased contributing to the Euribor, Eonia and Eurepo fixings after 28 June
    • June 2013: Norddeutsche Landesbank Girozentrale (NordLB) ceased contributing to Euribor and USD Euribor after 28 June

    Update 07/23/2013 :
    • July 2013: Credit Agricole ceased contributing to Eurepo as of 1 July 2013 
    • July 2013: HSBC France ceased contributing to the Eonia Swap Index after 12 July 
    • July 2013: Commerzbank ceased contributing to USD Euribor after 19 July 
    • July 2013: Natixis ceased contributing to the USD Euribor as of 5 July 
    • July 2013: Danske Bank ceased contributing to Eonia as of 15 July

    Update 08/23/2013 :
    • August 2013: BNP Paribas will cease to contribute to the Eurepo and Eonia Swap indexes as of 12 August

    Update 09/20/2013 :
    • Sept. 2013: Credit Agricole and Credit Suisse have ceased contributing to the Eonia Swap Index as of 18 September 2013
    09/18/2013: "Euribor-EBF welcomes the European Commission’s Proposal for a Regulation on indices used as benchmarks in financial instruments and financial contracts. The possibility for supervisors to impose mandatory contributions is a positive measure. Until it is in place, it will hopefully lead panel banks and authorities alike to take their responsibilities and ensure that Euribor is not discontinued."

    Update 10/07/2013 :
    • 10/1/2013 : publication and of the new Euribor Code of Conduct, immediately in vigor. The highest possible sanction in case of misconduct is a permanent exclusion from the Euribor panel. 

    Update 10/23/2013 :
    • Oct. 2013 : Erste Group ceased contributing to the Euribor and Eurepo indexes after 11 October 2013.

    Update 11/20/2013 :
    • Oct. 2013 : RBS will ceased contributing to the Eonia Swap Index after 31 October 2013.

    Update 12/15/2013 :
    • Nov. 2013 : KBC has ceased contributing to the Eurepo index as of 13 December 2013.

    Final update 01/7/2014 :
    • list of Euribor panel banks and rates since 2004, by month

    Gold, the renminbi and the multiple-currency reserve system

     The Official Monetary and Financial Institutions Forum and the World Gold Council have just released a new report called "Gold, the renminbi and the multiple-currency reserve system".

    The foreword is by itself a very good synthesis of the current situation :
    " The world is preparing for possible twin shocks from the parlous position of the two main reserve currencies, the dollar and the euro. As China weighs up its options for joining in the reserve asset game, gold – the official asset that plays no formal part in the monetary system, yet has never really gone away – is poised, once again, to play a pivotal role. [...] No other reserve asset seems safe from the coming dollar shock. "
    If this new international monetary system preparation and the dollar replacement as the major reserve and international currency still looks incredible for you, here are others synthetic views of the current situation :

    ECRI U.S. Weekly Leading Index ;
    data serie from 1967 to 1/4/2013; click to zoom

    Share of AAA-rates assets as part of the total fixed income markets

    ...this is the rush towards new safe assets (for instance below Australian AAA sovereign bonds) :

    ...and out from the U.S. Treasury and Agency securities :

    ...and add to this the reports about gold massively bought and recycled out from LBMA system or newly claimed by Asian countries.

    Now back to the OMFIF report : Chapter 4 summarizes different prospective scenarii for the 2013-2018 timeframe. As usual with prospective-only scenario, they simply ignore the politics, and let the readers do their own choice. More, they do not argument at all why they have chosen these scenario and not others ones, and do not even mention Japan.

    I have then to give my own view, based on previous political anticipation about the strenghtening of the eurozone, more political integration into Euroland+ (i.e. EU less UK plus Scotland), more weakness of the Fed blunt monetary policy, increasing defiance towards Fed monetary policy from others interests, and a new monetary policy from Japan following the recent election (cf Yahoo News). 

    Currency zone
    Macroeconomic developments
    Currency effect
    Impact on gold
    US economy in recession due to fiscal tightening and ineffective policies. Public finances remain weak, as does domestic demand.
    Dollar drops as fast as the new reverse system is taking momentum.
    Gold market manipulation and Euro strength are initially gold negative, but US weakness then cannot avoid to boost gold.
    Eurozone / Euroland+
    Euro area works through its problems and survives intact, thanks to the new integrated policies and macroeconomics tools.
    Euro strengthens as Europe appears to have overcome the crisis.
    Euro strength is gold negative, but US weakness then cannot avoid to boost gold.
    China and South Asia
    China tries to stimulate domestic demand.
    Renminbi decouples from dollar as further de-pegging is seen as attractive.
    Chinese buying continues. Emerging market central banks continue opportunistically to build up gold stocks.
    Japan tries to stimulate domestic economy using a new monetary policy.
    BoJ decouples from Fed policy as further pegging of Yen with Renminbi is seen as attractive.
    BoJ have to buy some gold stocks to back their own currency, and/or sell their U.S. Treasury for others bonds.

    I will discuss UK geoeconomics in a future article, if this priority increases.


    The international role of the euro remains unchanged after the last crisis : ECB review

    This 11th annual review of "The international role of the euro" presents the main findings of the continued monitoring and analysis conducted by the ECB and the Eurosystem looking at the development, determinants and implications of the use of the euro by non-euro area residents. This review also examines in greater depth issues that have a bearing on the euro’s international role, the global currency order and the international monetary system (Part #1). This analysis is also  presented in the form of four special features (articles #2 to #5).


    1. Recent developments in the international use of the euro.
    2. Foreigners’ appetite for euro area securities during the sovereign debt crisis.
    3. The Chinese dominance hypothesis and the potential emergence of a tripolar global currency system.
    4. When did the US dollar overtake the Pound Sterling as the leading international currency? The “old view” versus the “new view”.
    5. Was unofficial dollarization / euroisation an amplifier of the global crisis of 2007-09 in emerging economies?
    6. Statistical annex.

    PDF Version :  1.64 MB (en)
    ePUB Version:  10.3 MB (en)

    The 4th article, based on work by Chitu, Eichengreen and Mehl, and the 3rd one, based on work by Fratzscher and Mehl, bring new details on a topic familiar to the readers of Conscience Sociale ( How to replace the world trade reference currency ? ) ;  Part 1.3 proposes updated elements to the topic covered on this page : US Dollar (and Euro) as invoicing currency.
    The whole review certainly deserves your strong attention.